General solution of coupled transmission-line equations

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Equations of coupled transmission lines:

The voltage and current in even and odd mode:

Initial conditions:

General solutions in Laplace transform 's' domain:

General solutions in the time domain:

where u} are the propagation speed and Z} are the characteristic impedance:

We will derive the general solution of the coupled transmission-line equations.

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Equations of coupled transmission lines are:

Using the even and odd mode instead of each line variables

, the equations will be diagonalized:

Eliminating the i}, we obtain the wave equation of v}:

As in the case of a single transmission line (General solution of transmission-line equations), assuming the initial condition

, the general solutions in Laplace's transform 's' domain are:

and the solutions in the time domain are:

where u} are the propagation speeds and Z} are the characteristic impedances in even and odd mode:

The expressions of u+ and u| look different, but they must be equal in the case of TEM wave. We will confirm it later by an example.(Differential impedance of two wires over a ground plane)


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